Assessment 3. Final Blog Post (Week 12)

One ginormous world issue that has both environmental and social impacts is deforestation, the Amazonia rainforest covers many countries within the South American continent such as Peru and Colombia, although the majority of the forest sits within Brazil. The Amazon is considered to be the most biodiverse rainforest on the planet, however, in recent years deforestation in the Amazon has increased majorly, and there is not just one contributing factor to it. There are both legal and illegal industries which have contributed to this world issue, one of the main contributors is agricultural such as cattle farming, coca, and soya bean plantations. David Salisbury the author of the academic text “Overcoming Marginality on the Margins: Mapping, Logging and Coca in the Amazon Borderlands” states that “if unofficial border patrol makes a case that titling indigenous territories could help slow illegal logging and logging-related deforestation.”(Salisbury 283) Essentially he is discussing that social problems within these countries are the main reason people resort to deforestation and gaining income illegally, he suggests that to solve this world issue changes within society will need to be made. Deforestation is an ever growing issue as “Amozian cattle production increased at ten times the rate of the rest of the country”(Hoelle 20), areas around the Amazon remain unprotected to a degree, so farmers have room to expand.

Setu Legi is unquestionably one notable visual thinker and visual activist when it comes to expressing concern of issues regarding deforestation. The way he has responded to such a large scale issue is by producing a series of physical mixed media artworks. Out of all of the artwork that Legi has created one key piece that inspired my creative work is known as Branded Trees, this key piece is so important as Legi boldly identifies the large scale corporations that are contributing to the absolute annihilation of natural forests and jungles. He is a visual activist speaking through that piece of art to the viewer suggesting that if they continue to be consumers for these agencies, deforestation will continue globally. One way that Legi has made this piece of art effective is by placing brand names onto the cardboard trees themselves, suggesting that primarily corporations are taking advantage of a natural element that we as humanity desperately need to survive and turning it into a product for profit. Setu Legi has served as a primary influence on the visual text that has been created, it shows that I am a visual activist much like Setu, Mirzoeff states that “visual activism is the interaction of pixels and actions to make change” (Mirzoeff 214). The piece that has been created is intended to change they way the audience thinks about the products they purchase and to be aware of the different industries that contribute to deforestation in the Amazon.

b6473217-91ff-4def-b8c9-4ac285a736b2_750_555
Legi, Setu. Hujan Emas di Negeri Orang, Hujan Batu di Negeri Sendiri. 2010. Silk screen printing, stencil spray paint on Jute Fibers Fabric. Yogyakarta.

 

 

91c4626b-6a34-42f7-a516-0ba715aad777_750_469
Legi, Setu. Branded Trees. 2010. Sculpture. Yogyakarta

 

IMG_0568 (1)
Weston, Sam. Cause and Effect. 2016. Watercolour and Fine tip. New Zealand.

Here is the visual text created which responds to the world issue of deforestation in the Amazon, it consists of a mixed media style much like Setu Legi, making use of both watercolour and fine tip pen. The central idea for the image is to show the audience this idea of cause and effect; this has been done by the illustrations of the different industries that contribute to deforestation of the Amazon and the illustrations of what the impact of this deforestation is locally and also globally. The various sketches sit within framed areas of the central focus which is a tree stump with a hatchet in it, just to show what felled the tree. The roots act as frames for each smaller illustration, near the top of the small frames soya bean, coca, pollution, and cattle farming has been shown through different symbols. Near the bottom, the different images symbolise extinction, endangerment of species such Spix’s Macaw there only around seventy left, and they are all kept in captivity as of present, “these gorgeous, long-lived, highly social, big parrots are all threatened by deforestation” (Ehrlich et al. 61). Deforestation also causes loss of biodiversity in the soil and supports the rising global temperatures. The reason for the images being placed in such a way is to show a clear link between industry and destruction. The aim of the visual text is to show what the overall consequences are for everyone globally if deforestation continues in the Amazon.

 

Works Cited:

 

Mirzoeff, Nicholas. How to See the World. London: Pelican, 2015. Google Play. Web. 4 June 2016.

 

Ehrlich, Anne H., et al. The Annihilation of Nature: Human Extinction of Birds and Mammals. Baltimore: JHU Press, 2015. Google Play. Web. 4 June 2016.

 

Hoelle, Jeffery. Rainforest Cowboys: The Rise of Ranching and Cattle Culture in Western Amazonia. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2015. Google Play. Web. 4 June 2016.

 

Salisbury, David Seward. Overcoming Marginality on the Margins: Mapping, Logging and Coca in the Amazon Borderlands. May. 2007. The University of Texas Libraries. Web. 4 June 2016.

 

 

 

b6473217-91ff-4def-b8c9-4ac285a736b2_750_555
Legi, Setu. Hujan Emas di Negeri Orang, Hujan Batu di Negeri Senderiri. 2010. Silk screen printing, stencil spray paint on Jute Fibers Fabric. Yogyakarta.  

 

 

 

 

91c4626b-6a34-42f7-a516-0ba715aad777_750_469
Legi, Setu. Branded Trees. 2010. Sculpture. Yogyakarta. 

 

 

Assessment 3. Workbook Development (Week 12)

The published texts which provide a greater understanding of the issue of deforestation caused by different industries and their effect on wildlife within the Amazon and globally are:

 

Mirzoeff, Nicholas. How to See the World. London: Pelican, 2015. Google Play. Web. 4 June 2016.

 

Ehrlich, Anne H., et al. The Annihilation of Nature: Human Extinction of Birds and Mammals. Baltimore: JHU Press, 2015. Google Play. Web. 4 June 2016.

 

Hoelle, Jeffery. Rainforest Cowboys: The Rise of Ranching and Cattle Culture in Western Amazonia. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2015. Google Play. Web. 4 June 2016.

 

The texts above have also influenced the overall design for the final creative work that I have produced. There is also a wide range of academic text databases which prove useful when it comes to gathering a further understanding of world issues as they often provided statistics and more detailed and confined information.

The useful part about the following academic text is it discusses both the social and environmental impacts that corporations have had on the Amazon

Salisbury, David Seward. Overcoming Marginality on the Margins: Mapping, Logging and Coca in the Amazon Borderlands. May. 2007. The University of Texas Libraries. Web. 4 June 2016.

 

Final Draft:

IMG_0570

Draft and Practice Structure:

 

One ginormous world issue that has both environmental and social impacts is deforestation, the Amazonia rainforest covers many countries within the South American continent such as Peru and Colombia, although the majority of the forest sits within Brazil. The Amazon is considered to be the most biodiverse rainforest on the planet, however, in recent years deforestation in the Amazon has increased majorly, and there is not just one contributing factor to it. There are both legal and illegal industries which have contributed to this world issue, one of the main contributors is agriculture such as cattle farming, coca, and soya bean plantations. It is apparent that this “increased deforestation and forest fragmentation due to the in-migration of coca farming populations and the resulting expansion of coca fields.”(Salisbary 274) although this can be said for the other contributors as well as “Amozian cattle production increased at ten times the rate of the rest of the country”(Hoelle 20).

Setu Legi is unquestionably one notable visual thinker and visual activist when it comes to expressing concern of issues regarding deforestation. The way he has responded to such a large scale issue is by producing a series of physical mixed media artworks. Out of all of the artwork that Legi has created one key piece that resonates with me is known as Branded Trees, this key piece is so important as Legi boldly identifies the large scale corporations that are contributing to the absolute annihilation of natural forests and jungles. He is a visual activist speaking through that piece of art to the viewer suggesting that if they continue to be consumers for these agencies, deforestation will continue globally. One way that Legi has made this piece of art effective is by placing brand names onto the cardboard trees themselves, suggesting that primarily corporations are taking advantage of a natural element that we as humanity desperately need to survive and turning it into a product for profit. Setu Legi has served as a primary influence on the visual text that has been created, it shows that I am a visual activist much like Setu, Mirzoeff states that “visual activism is the interaction of pixels and actions to make change” (Mirzoeff 214). To give a wider understanding of ‘visual activism’, it is a way that artists, designers or concerned individuals identify, reflect, or outline global issues through visual culture

 

IMG_0568 (1)
Weston, Sam. Cause and Effect. 2016. Watercolour and Fine tip. New Zealand.

 

Here is the visual text created which responds to the world issue of deforestation in the Amazon, it consists of a mixed media style making use of both watercolour and fine tip pen. The central idea for the image is to show the audience this idea of cause and effect; this has been done by the illustrations of the different industries that contribute to deforestation of the Amazon and the illustrations of what the impact of this deforestation is in the Amazon and also globally. The various sketches sit within framed areas of the central focus which is a tree stump with a hatchet in it, just to show that that is what felled the tree. The roots act as frames for each smaller illustration, near the top of the small frames soya bean, coca, pollution, and cattle farming has been shown through different symbols. Near the bottom, the different images symbolise extinction, endangerment, loss of biodiversity in the soil, and the global warming as the Amazon is one of the largest carbon sinks in the world. The reason for the images being placed in such a way is to show a clear link between the two aspects. Both birds and mammals are heavily effected by deforestation one species of bird which is greaty effected is Spix’s Macaw there only around seventy left and they are all kept in captivity as of present, “these gorgeous, long-lived, highly social big parrots are all threatened by deforestation” (Ehrlich 61)

 

 

 

Assessment 3. Published Blog Post, Week 11.

 

Setu Legi is unquestionably one notable artist when it comes to expressing concern of issues regarding deforestation in Indonesia. The way he has responded to such a large scale issue is by producing a series of physical mixed media artworks. Out of all of the artwork that Legi has created one key piece that resonates with me is known as Branded Trees, this key piece is so important as Legi boldly identifies the large scale corporations that are contributing to the absolute annihilation of natural forests and jungles. He is a visual activist saying speaking through that piece of art to the viewer suggesting that if they continue to be consumers for these agencies, deforestation will continue globally. One way that Legi has made this piece of art effective is by placing brand names onto the cardboard trees themselves, suggesting that primarily corporations are taking advantage of a natural element that we as humanity desperately need to survive and turning it into a product for profit. His work serves as excellent inspiration for work that I may produce as he is showing that he is a visual activist and is not afraid to voice his distaste for companies which are eradicating something he resonates closely with, he is essentially protesting visually. Legi is clearly trying to communicate to his audience who are at his homeland as he has a connection with them. Legi’s work serves as a warning that if more and more corporations take hold of deforestation, there will be no forest left.

Assessment 3. Workbook Development, Week 11

Research:

Setu Legi is a contemporary artist who communicates his distaste with deforestation and the relationship between humans and nature. Legi mainly uses sculpture as a medium to express awareness of the issue, although Legi does not directly associate his sculptures with the deforestation of the Amazon, he still understands that this is a worldwide issue but focuses on his home country Indonesia, which is also under threat of deforestation. Setu Legi has had an exhibition at Arke Galerie in Indonesia between December 2014 and February 2015. The show was called Tannah Air which translates to the motherland. His goal was to raise awareness of the issue. One piece that I found to be interesting is Branded Trees, which is a set of hanging tree-shaped cardboard sheets, each sheet has a big corporation printed onto the front of it, almost making it seem like they have ownership over nature itself. The different organizations are the ones who have helped contribute to deforestation in some form. Legi is almost calling out these corporations as ones which people should think twice about before buying from them.

 

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Legi, Setu. Branded Trees. 2010. Sculpture. Yogyakarta.

 

https://ocula.com/art-exhibitions/ark-galerie/tanah-air/

https://ignitechannel.com/stories/motherland-indonesian-artist-shines-light-deforestation/

 
Another work that I found inspirational by Setu Legi is Hujan Emas di Negeri Orang, Hujan Batu di Negeri Sendiri, 2010, which uses the unique medium of silkscreen printing and stenciling onto a sheet of natural cloth. This piece of work is interesting to me because essentially it uses elements of collage on top of a hand drawn piece, a form of mixed media. In the work, screen printed photographs of people are seen standing on top of red tree trunks. Each figure is holding a different object which has been removed from the natural environment, for example, the large bundles of sticks. On the left-hand side of the frame in the background a cluster of trees have been painted, however, on the right-hand side of the frame in the background a tall power line can be seen, not only does this make the image asymmetrical. It also shows visual contrast between the identities of the two objects and what they are associated with. The tree symbolized life, air, breathing, etc. and the powerline symbolizes power, intrusion, and corporate.

 

 

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Legi, Setu. Hujan Emas di Negeri Orang, Hujan Batu di Negeri Sendiri. 2010. Silk screen printing, stencil spray pain on Jute Fibers Fabric. Yogyakarta. 

 

Legi, Setu. Hujan Emas di Negeri Orang, Hujan Batu di Negeri Sendiri. 2010. Silk screen printing, stencil spray pain on Jute Fibers Fabric. Yogyakarta.

https://ocula.com/art-galleries/ark-galerie/artworks/setu-legi/hujan-emas-di-negeri-orang/

 

 

Another artist that I have discovered is Adrian Salamandre; he produces work through very complex and highly detailed collage to both depict the scale and the ginormous range of flora and fauna that this deforestation is affecting. One strategy that Salamandre has used that interests me is that in the piece simply titled Deforestation Collage. He has created a frame around the central focus of the image. The key part of the picture shows newly cleared deforested land, around this a frame has been formed of what remains of the forest and its creatures, the last of the creatures and forest are pushed up to the very edges of the frame in a desperate attempt to escape the destruction of humans. The central focus identifies some of the corporate industries that contribute to deforestation such as the soya bean plantations, palm oil farms, and other parts of the agricultural sector. Although this work is centered around the Borneo, it also shows the dangers that and realities that the Amazon in Brazil also faces.

 

 

deforestation_collage_by_adriansalamandre-d2jz15h
Kenyon, Adrian. Deforestation Collage. 2010. Collage. France. 

 

http://adriansalamandre.deviantart.com/art/Deforestation-collage-154479509

 

 

 

Research (Information on Corporations)

Here is a confirmation that big corporations contribute to deforestation in different parts of the planet. The central focuses for these organizations in the industry are for palm oil plantations; palm oil is used in many beauty and care products as well as edible goods. There are two massive effects of deforestation within the world’s forests, and the jungle is that eliminates the natural flora and fauna that exists, causing species to go extinct, it also allows for more carbon dioxide to enter the atmosphere.

http://www.ucsusa.org/news/press_release/iconic-american-brands-deforestation-0400.html#.V07HdpN96Aw
Define Terms:

Agency:

An agency is a type of organization that commits an act or identifies with a goal on behalf of an alternative person or group. The act that they wish to commit should create some form of effect which resonates with their end goal.

 

Social Responsibility:

Social responsibility is a responsibility that a group, person, or organization may feel that they are obliged to have or work with, often these are responsibilities for issues which may be related to the environment or economy in some way.

 

Transformative Practices:

Transformative practices are different methods or ways someone, a group, or organization may use to create change, maybe for a positive or negative outcome depending on the issue.

Assessment 3. Published Blog Post (Week 10)

Local Conflict and the Industries which Contribute.

 

The industry that has been found to contribute to deforestation the most is the agricultural sector. In Brazil, both legal and illegal aspects of the farming industry contribute to deforestation of the Amazon, industries such as cattle farming and soya bean plantations require large amounts of space for them to function; thus, farmers and business owners resort to the deforestation of the Amazonia rainforest. One academic text which goes into a deeper understanding of the social and environmental situation in Brazil is “Overcoming Marginality on the Margins: Mapping, Logging and Coca in the Amazon Borderlands” by David Salisbury. Salisbury states “effective if unofficial border patrol makes a case that titling indigenous territories could help slow illegal logging and logging-related deforestation.”(Salisbury 283) There is clearly far more social conflict to be found between deforestation in the Amazon and the local society, where some are forced into contributing due to their lack of education and the need for a job. Indigenous tribes are clearly aiming for protection of their homeland.

 

 

 

 

Assessment 3. Workbook Development (Week 10)

Research

Art and designers which reflect deforestation:

Linda Kunik is a watercolour artist who creates abstract paintings; they show the gradual receding of natural forests and environments due to deforestation. The style which Kunik uses focuses on a top-down view of the natural surroundings and consists of a contour pattern. Kunik uses contrasting colours to show the forests that remain and the deforestation that has occurred through human impact. She uses different tones of red to show the deforestation and green to show the small amount of forests which remain.

 

Generating Ideas: The ideas that I have generated are trying to highlight the issues with deforestation by giving the idea that all life no matter what is important and pivotal to the survival of every species on the planet. I have tried to highlight that deforestation contains major corporate involvement. I also sketched ideas showing the disregard for nature.

IMG_0547IMG_0549IMG_0550IMG_0552

 

Mind-map containing ideas:

 

mindmap final

 

Define Terms

 

Citizenship:

Citizenship is the behaviour, social stance, and obligations of a citizen within a society.

 

Change Agents:

Change Agents are found within organizations, groups or movements. They seek and focus on issues within society and wish to be effective and make change or improvements

 

Cultural Critics:

A cultural critic, is a critic of different cultures

 

https://www.poetryfoundation.org/resources/learning/glossary-terms/detail/cultural-criticism-cultural-studies

 

 

Protest:

Protest can be a physical or verbal disagreement against a particular movement or idea. An example of an event which reflects both a physical and verbal protest would be the Springbok tour in New Zealand during 1981 where citizens of the New Zealand public had a verbal and physical conflict with the New Zealand authorities, the public showed their strong disagreement for the given issue.

 

Resistance:

Resistance is the refusal or unwillingness to agree or partake in an action, group or movement.

 

 

I will focus my critical issue on deforestation in the Amazon within Brazil as it is one my personal biggest concerns for the natural environment and very little success has been found in recent years regarding preventing deforestation. I would like to look into the different industries which have the larger impact and also what effects this deforestation has had on the wildlife within the Amazon and other jungle or forests alike.

 

 

This article focuses on some of the predicted consequences if the deforestation continues within the Amazon, it is fascinating due to the authors highlighting that there is such a broad array of consequences such as altering weather patterns since there are fewer trees there is far less moisture in the ground. There is increased carbon dioxide in the atmosphere as there are fewer trees to absorb the carbon dioxide.

http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/amazon-deforestation-takes-a-turn-for-the-worse/

 

 

After reading through the National Geographic article on deforestation, I have now found out further consequences and effects of deforestation.

http://environment.nationalgeographic.com/environment/global-warming/deforestation-overview/

 

One organization that I have found that is helping with the issue of deforestation and is promoting reforestation is 1 Heart 1 Tree; several concerned individuals started this organization and promoted the organization through live and interactive artwork in Paris. They created a projection against the Effiel Tower displaying recent donations from people contributing to reforestation. The website allows for people to donate to the cause and to select a location where they want their tree to be planted. The key one being the Amazon in Brazil, though the organization has helped plant over 53,000 trees recent articles that I have read personally are saying that deforestation is getting worse within the region of the Amazon.

https://www.1heart1tree.org/cop21/presentation

 

I have found that one of the major effects that will occur on the planet if deforestation continues in Amazon, the rate of climate change will rapidly increase due to the Amazon being the largest jungle in the world, it serves as a location prime for absorbing carbon dioxide. If deforestation continues within the Amazon, it will substantially reduce the amount of carbon dioxide that is removed from our atmosphere thus boosting the rate at which climate change occurs.

Amazon Rainforest

 

 

The many consequences if deforestation continues in the Amazon:

 

 

http://www.pachamama.org/effects-of-deforestation

 

 

Assessment 3, Workbook Development (Week 9)

 

Mirzoeff states that “visual activism is the interaction of pixels and actions to make change” (Mirzoeff 214). To give a wider understanding of ‘visual activism’, it is a way that artists, designers or concerned individuals identify, reflect, or outline global issues through visual culture. The work which they create speaks to the viewer and can create movements or groups which can confront these global issues through many different ways. However, it often leads to physical or verbal conflict.

 

 

Visual Thinking:

Another point which Mirzoeff discusses is ‘visual thinking.’ ‘Visual thinking’ can be the different forms of visual texts produced by groups or movements that convey their points or ideas. Examples of ‘visual thinking’ would be using posters, websites, social media, and videos which show what the movement agrees and disagrees with and what they believe are their ideals.

 

The direction I will take:

During this assessment, I am going to explore the issue of environmental damage caused by humanity, through deforestation. I will study the reasons as to why there is such a disregard for the environment and the different sorts of corporations and individuals which contribute to deforestation both in New Zealand, Brazil and the rest of the world. I will also explore and analyse some of the different the different groups and movements which are aiming to prevent and restore what damage has been done. Deforestation is a massive global issue which occurs almost everywhere in the world; I would like to look into New Zealand’s historical contributions to deforestation as well as present ones and the greater effects that deforestation has on the many ecosystems and bring awareness to them.

 

 

Information Gathering/Research:

Here is a website I was looking at, the WWF organization is one the most well-known organizations which is trying to prevent deforestation but is also informing the reader of the impacts that deforestation has.

http://www.worldwildlife.org/threats/deforestation